๐€๐œ๐œ๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐ญ ๐‘๐ž๐œ๐ž๐ข๐ฏ๐š๐›๐ฅ๐ž- ๐€๐ง ๐€๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ž๐ญ ๐Ž๐ซ ๐€ ๐‹๐ข๐š๐›๐ข๐ฅ๐ข๐ญ๐ฒ?

๐ˆ๐ฌ ๐€๐œ๐œ๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐ญ ๐‘๐ž๐œ๐ž๐ข๐ฏ๐š๐›๐ฅ๐ž ๐š๐ง ๐€๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ž๐ญ ๐Ž๐ซ ๐€ ๐‹๐ข๐š๐›๐ข๐ฅ๐ข๐ญ๐ฒ?

The questions like what is account receivable? Where is it recorded? Is it a liability or an asset? if these are the questions larking behind in your mind. Donโ€™t worry here we have addressed all these queries in the simplest of the ways.

What Is Account Receivable?

Firstly, the account receivable is an amount that a company is going to receive in the near future. However, you may think why and from where the company will receive it? Donโ€™t think anymore because we are here to get you rid of all the queries. The first question is, why the company will receive it? The company will receive it because it has provided its services or may be delivered the goods. From where the company is going to receive? From its customer to whom it has provided its services. When? In the near future.

Accounts Receivable
  • An asset
  • ย Future benefit
  • Opposite of account payable
  • Customers owe to us

Is Account Receivable an Asset Or A Liability?

If you are in search of the answer to the above-mentioned question. Then let me first ask you a simple question. What is an asset? you wonโ€™t think twice before answering this question. An asset is anything that a company owns or something that will bring a benefit to the company in the future. So, is an account receivable an asset or a liability? it is classified as an asset because it is the amount that the company will receive on behalf of the services that it has provided. Similarly, the company is going to get benefits in the future. Thus, it is an asset. Moreover, the normal balance of account receivable is debit, and a decrease in it is recorded as a credit.ย  ย ย 

Why itโ€™s not a liability? it is not a liability because liability is something that a company owes to someone. For instance, when a company purchases something on credit it is recorded as a liability, as the company is now obliged to pay for the received goods. On the other hand, account receivable works contrarily, it is the amount that our client/ customer owes to us. Here, the customer is obliged to pay us. Likewise, the company is going to receive the benefit in the future.ย So, it has become clear that itย is an asset.

Example

Letโ€™s understand with the help of an account receivable example. Letโ€™s start with the relatable example, Living in a rented home? Have to pay the rent?ย  Suppose that your owner has allowed you to pay the rent after the month ends. Therefore, when the month ends, the owner will record it as an unpaid invoice till the rent is paid.

Have another example to have a deeper understanding. For Instance, an electricity supply company has supplied you electricity for the whole month. When the month ends, it sends you an invoice/bill. So, the amount in that bill will be recorded as an account receivable in the books of the electric company.

Accounting For Account Receivable

In the process of accounting, everything needs to be recorded to have a proper and accurate functionality of the businesses. Here you will learn how to pass the account receivable journal entry. Firstly, to pass the journal entry we must know the normal balance of the respective account. The normal balance of account receivable is debit while the decrease in it is recorded as a credit.

Journal Entry Example 1

For instance, a trading company delivered its goods to one of its customers on July 31st. The company has not sent the invoice to the customer. Now, will it be recorded as an a/c receivable? No. it is anย accrued revenueย till the invoice is sent. However, in the month of August, the invoice is sent to the customer. Now the company is allowed to record it as an account receivable.

ย The entry in this regard would pass as follows.

DateParticularDebitCredit
August 2Account Receivablexxxย 
ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  ย Salesย xxx

Considering the above example, the trading company received the full payment in the month of September. Now we will pass another journal entry in this regard. As the company has received the amount, the cash will be debited.ย  Now what will be credited Is a tricky question. We need to credit something to fulfill the accounting demand of the double-entry system. As the amount has been received. Now, the account receivable account will be credited.

DateParticularDebitย Creditย 
Sept 15,Cashxxxย 
ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  A/C Receivableย xxx

Sometimes it becomes very difficult for companies to recover cash stuck in accounts receivable or get late payments. To outset this, companies make another entry under the bad debt accounts. Bad debts are generated for the amount that is unrecoverable.

In the United States, approximatelyย 39% of invoices are not paid on time.

Journal Entry Example 2

Letโ€™s have another example, selling goods to XYZ company on credit worth $25,000 in the month of October.

DateParticularDebitCreditย 
October 2,A/c Receivable$25,000ย 
ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  Salesย $25,000

In the month of November, the XYZ company paid for the goods. Now we will pass another journal entry to complete the process.

DateParticularDebitCredit
November 2,Cash$25,000ย 
ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  A/c Receivableย $25,000

T Account

account receivable T account

Balance Sheet

It is recorded in the balance sheet under the current assets side. It is recorded just after the goods are delivered and invoices are sent to the customers. Once the invoice is sent, the company will record the respective amount in the account.

Account receivable on balance sheet

Account Receivable vs Account Payable

Keeping the topic more interesting, letโ€™s compare these two terms.

As both suggest totally different ideas. Prior is an asset while later is a liability.

One leads to cash inflow while later leads to cash outflow.

Letโ€™s understand it with the help of the infographic.

Account receivable vs account payable

Quick Through (One-Word Answer)

  • Account Receivable asset or liability?ย Asset
  • Account Receivable debit or credit?ย Debit
  • What account is Receivable on a balance sheet?ย Current asset
  • Is Account Receivable a current asset?ย Yes

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Hira Aziz

Hira Aziz - Author

She is a Business Content writer and Management contributor at 12Manage.com, where she contributes a business article weekly. She has over 2 years of experience in writing about accounting, finance, and business.

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